Indeed, after some attempts, she arrived at Oxford inand graduated in At the general election, Margaret Hilda Roberts stood as the Conservative Party candidate for the safe seat of Dartford, nominated due to her well-prepared and fearless answers, and gained much media attention in being both the youngest and only female candidate. After serving as leader of the Opposition betweenshe became the first female Prime Minister of the UK on 4 May, though with highly controversial policies.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Early years The daughter of Alfred Roberts, a grocer and local alderman and later mayor of Granthamand Beatrice Ethel Stephenson, Thatcher formed an early desire to be a politician. Her intellectual ability led her to the University of Oxfordwhere she studied chemistry and was immediately active in politics, becoming one of the first woman presidents of the Oxford University Conservative Association.
After graduating in she worked for four years as a research chemist, reading for the bar in her spare time. From she practiced as a barristerspecializing in tax law. In she married a wealthy industrialist, Denis Thatcher b. The couple had twins, a son and a daughter, in Thatcher first ran for Parliament in but was unsuccessful, despite increasing the local Conservative vote by 50 percent.
She rose steadily within the party, serving as a parliamentary secretary in the Ministry of Pensions and National Insurance —64as chief opposition spokesman on education —70and as secretary of state for education and science —74 in the Conservative government of Edward Heath.
After Heath lost two successive elections inThatcher, though low in the party hierarchywas the only minister prepared to challenge him for the party leadership. With the backing of the Conservative right wing, she was elected leader in February and thus began a year ascendancy that would change the face of Britain.
The term Thatcherism came to refer not just to these policies but also to certain aspects of her ethical outlook and personal style, including moral absolutism, fierce nationalisma zealous regard for the interests of the individual, and a combative, uncompromising approach to achieving political goals.
Thatcher, MargaretMargaret Thatcher, s. Inheriting a weak economy, she reduced or eliminated some governmental regulations and subsidies to businesses, thereby purging the manufacturing industry of many inefficient—but also some blameless—firms.
The result was a dramatic increase in unemployment, from 1. At the same time, inflation doubled in just 14 months, to more than 20 percent, and manufacturing output fell sharply. Although inflation decreased and output rose before the end of her first term, unemployment continued to increase, reaching more than three million in Thatcher embarked on an ambitious program of privatization of state-owned industries and public services, including aerospace, television and radio, gas and electricity, water, the state airline, and British Steel.
By the end of the s, the number of individual stockholders had tripled, and the government had sold 1. Nonetheless, rising unemployment and social tensions during her first term made her deeply unpopular. Her unpopularity would have ensured her defeat in the general election of were it not for two factors: Thatcher entered office promising to curb the power of the unions, which had shown their ability to bring the country to a standstill during six weeks of strikes in the winter of — In the National Union of Mineworkers began a nationwide strike to prevent the closing of 20 coal mines that the government claimed were unproductive.
The walkout, which lasted nearly a year, soon became emblematic of the struggle for power between the Conservative government and the trade union movement. AP A terrorist bombing at a Conservative Party conference in Brighton inthe work of the Irish Republican Armynearly killed Thatcher and several senior members of her government.
In foreign affairs, the Falklands War illuminated her most significant international relationship, with Ronald Reaganpresident of the United States — Thatcher and Reagan, who together made the s the decade of conservatismshared a vision of the world in which the Soviet Union was an evil enemy deserving of no compromise, and their partnership ensured that the Cold War continued in all its frigidity until the rise to power of the reform-minded Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev in In Africa, Thatcher presided over the orderly establishment of an independent Zimbabwe formerly Rhodesia in after 15 years of illegal separation from British colonial rule under a white minority.
However, she encountered considerable criticism both at home and abroad for her opposition to international sanctions against the apartheid regime of South Africa. After her third electoral victory inshe adopted a steadily more hostile attitude toward European integration. Her traditionally pro-European party became divided, and a string of senior ministers left the Cabinet over the issue.
The implementation of a poll tax in produced outbreaks of street violence and alarmed the Conservative rank-and-file, who feared that Thatcher could not lead the party to a fourth consecutive term. On November 22 she announced her resignation as Conservative Party leader and prime minister, paving the way for her replacement by John Major six days later.
Later years In retirement, Margaret Thatcher remained a political force. She continued to influence internal Conservative Party politics often to the dismay of Majorand Thatcherism shaped the priorities of the Labour Party, which she had kept out of office for more than a decade.
She remained a member of Parliament until the election and was subsequently elevated, as a peeress for life, to the House of Lords.Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, DStJ, PC, FRS, HonFRSC (née Roberts; 13 October – 8 April ) was a British stateswoman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from to and Leader of the Conservative Party from to She was the longest-serving British prime minister of the Monarch: Elizabeth II.
Feb 27, · Margaret Thatcher Biography. Margaret Thatcher (October 13, – April 8, ) her real name was Margaret Hilda Roberts. A British stateswoman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from to , leader of the Conservative Party from to , and first female head of government.5/5(2).
Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS (née Roberts, 13 October – 8 April ), was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from to and the Leader of the Conservative Party from to Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher (more commonly known as Margaret Thatcher) was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from to and leader of the Conversative Party from to Margaret Hilda Thatcher was UK Prime Minister from to and leader of the Conservative Party from to A Soviet journalist called her "The Iron Lady", a nickname which became associated with her uncompromising politics and leadership style.
Margaret Hilda Thatcher, leader of the conservative party is the first and only woman Prime minister of United Kingdom. Read this brief biography to find more on her rutadeltambor.com Of Birth: Grantham.