Subway, restaurant chain specializing in submarine sandwiches. In it became the largest fast-food chain in the United States, measured by number of outlets. The company operates in more than countries.
Restored clerestory cars on display at the Mid-Continent Railway Museum in North Freedom, Wisconsin Up until about the end of the 19th century, most passenger cars were constructed of wood. The first passenger trains did not travel very far, but they were able to haul many more passengers for a longer distance than any wagons pulled by horses.
As railways were first constructed in Englandso too were the first passenger cars.
One of the early coach designs was the "Stanhope". It featured a roof and small holes in the floor for drainage when it rained, and had separate compartments for different classes of travel. The only problem with this design is that the passengers were expected to stand for their entire trip.
The first passenger cars in the United States resembled stagecoaches. British railways had a head start on American railroads, with the first "bed-carriage" an early sleeping car being built there as early as for use on the London and Birmingham Railway and the Grand Junction Railway.
Britain's early sleepers, when made up for sleeping, extended the foot of the bed into a boot section at the end of the carriage. The cars were still too short to allow more than two or three beds to be positioned end to end.
Britain's Royal Mail commissioned and built the first Travelling Post Office cars in the late s as well.
These cars resembled coaches in their short wheelbase and exterior design, but were equipped with nets on the sides of the cars to catch mail bags while the train was in motion. American RPOsfirst appearing in the s, also featured equipment to catch mail bags at speed, but the American design more closely resembled a large hook that would catch the mailbag in its crook.
When not in use, the hook would swivel down against the side of the car to prevent it from catching obstacles. The interior of a Pullman car on the Chicago and Alton Railroad circa As locomotive technology progressed in the midth century, trains grew in length and weight. Passenger cars, particularly in America, grew along with them, first getting longer with the addition of a second truck one at each endand wider as their suspensions improved.
Cars built for European use featured side door compartments, while American car design favored what was called a train coach, a single long cabin with rows of seats, with doors located at the ends of the car.
Early American sleeping cars were not compartmented, but by the end of the 19th century they were. The compartments in the later sleepers were accessed from a side hall running the length of the cars, similar to the design of European cars well into the 20th century.
Many American passenger trains, particularly the long distance ones, included a car at the end of the train called an observation car. Until about the s, these had an open-air platform at the rear, the "observation platform".
These evolved into the closed end car, usually with a rounded end which was still called an "observation car". The interiors of observation cars varied. Many had special chairs and tables.
The end platforms of all passenger cars changed around the turn of the 20th century. Older cars had open platforms between cars. Passengers would enter and leave a car through a door at the end of the car which led to a narrow platform.
Steps on either side of the platform were used for getting on or off the train, and one might hop from one car platform to another.
In the year history of the New York City subway system, little has changed in the design of the trains and their cars. They are still basically rectangular-shaped boxes with doors, windows and. In a subway car, tram or train, an insulator at a track switch may cut off power from the car for a few feet along the line and use a large capacitor to store energy to drive the subway car through the insulator in . Oct 17, · The first China-made subway cars tailored for Boston's orange line have rolled off the production line in northeast China's Jilin Province. They will be delivered to the United States in December.
Later cars had enclosed platforms called vestibules which together with gangway connections allowed passengers not only to enter and exit the train protected from the elements, but also to move more easily between cars with the same protection.
Dining cars first appeared in the late s and into the s. Until this time, the common practice was to stop for meals at restaurants along the way which led to the rise of Fred Harvey 's chain of Harvey House restaurants in America. At first, the dining car was simply a place to serve meals that were picked up en route, but they soon evolved to include galleys in which the meals were prepared.
The introduction of vestibuled carswhich for the first time allowed easy movement from car to car, aided the adoption of dining cars, lounge cars, and other specialized cars.Jan 21, · The History of Shanghai Subway 上海地铁历史回顾 rutadeltambor.com Industry & Trade Summary Office of Industries Rolling Stock: Locomotives and Rail Cars Publication ITS March Control No.
The New York City Subway is a rapid transit system that serves four of the five boroughs of New York City, New York: the Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, and rutadeltambor.com operator is the New York City Transit Authority (NYCTA), which is controlled by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) of New York.
In , an average of million . History of rapid transit. Streetcar number became the first subway car to be driven in regular traffic in the Boston subway system in This also marks the beginning of subway traffic in the United States. The first of many China's metro systems, Beijing subway, began operation in , operating on a trial basis until Originally, Shanghai was a seaside fishing village and with time, became China's most prominent city.
By the 20th century, Shanghai became the center of popular culture, intellectual discourse and political intrigue in the Republic of China. In a subway car, tram or train, an insulator at a track switch may cut off power from the car for a few feet along the line and use a large capacitor to store energy to drive the subway car through the insulator in .