Contact Author Introduction Throughout 19th-century Europe, political and economic forces helped to dramatically alter the European continent in a manner that forever changed the countries and people that inhabited them.
Most colonies were developed to export products such as fish, sugar, and furs. The French first came to the New World as explorers, seeking a route to the Pacific ocean and wealth. Although he failed to find such a route, Verranzano became the first European to explore much of the Atlantic coast of the United States and Canada.
Later, inFrancis sent Jacques Cartier on the first of three voyages to explore the coast of Newfoundland and the St. In Cartier set of on another expedition, and established a colony named Charlesbourg-Royal, on the site of present-day Cap-Rouge, Quebec.
Cartier continued to explore the region. He returned to Charlesbourg-Royal and found the colony struggling to survive, and after a tough winter, left for France in June of Charlesbourg-Royal was abandoned the following year.
They explored the St. In the Spanish attacked, and destroyed, the fort. InSamuel de Champlain made his first trip to North America on a fur trading expedition.
Champlain would prove instrumental in creating New France. Inhe created a fur trading post that would grow into the city of Quebec. The French ran into many bloody conflicts with the Iroquois Confederacy.
Although the French claimed a large territory in Canada and the Great Lakes region, actual settlement of the area was limited. From here, they followed the river south to the mouth of the Arkansas River.
Afraid that they were drawing too near to areas of Spanish influence, the explorers turned north in Arkansas and returned to the Great Lakes, this time via the Illinois and Chicago rivers through present day Chicago.
In the first permanent settlement was founded, and New Orleans was founded in The sole exception was the islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon off the Canadian coast, retained as a fishing outpost.
The islands of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon were France's only remaining possessions north of the Caribbean.
West Indies[ edit ] French efforts at colonization began inwhen a group of French Jesuit refugees founded the town of Dieppe on St. However, their colony was found and destroyed by the Spanish within a year.
France did not attempt to colonize the Caribbean again in the 16th century, but established a number of colonies the following century. The most important French colony was on the island of Hispaniola, present-day Haiti.
South America[ edit ] From toFrench Huguenots, under the leadership of vice-admiral Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon, made an attempt to establish the colony of France Antarctique in what is now Brazil, but were expelled.
French Guiana was first settled by the French inalthough its earliest settlements were abandoned in the face of American Indian hostility and tropical diseases. The settlement of Cayenne was established inbut was abandoned. It was re-established in the s.
Except for brief occupations by the English and Dutch in the 17th century, Guiana has remained under French rule ever since.
The VOC's explorers soon led several significant expeditions. InAdriaen Block led an expedition to the lower Hudson in the Tyger, and then explored the East River aboard the Onrust, becoming the first known European to navigate the Hellegat. After some early trading expeditions, the first Dutch settlement in the Americas was founded in The settlement served mostly as a trade post for fur trade with the natives and was later replaced by Fort Oranje English: Fort Orange at present-day Albany.
Both forts were named in honor of the Dutch House of Orange-Nassau. This was the begging of New Netherland. A number of other settlements were founded in the area. In New Sweden was captured by the Dutch, and a border dispute with England was resolved.
Being greatly outnumbered and with little gunpowder or ammunition, Director-General Peter Stuyvesant surrendered New Amsterdam, with Fort Orange following soon.Such was the rivalry between European powers that, in and , the Berlin conference was held to map out European possession of Africa, and by , over 90 percent of African territory was nominally under European control.
The Age of Imperialism was a time period beginning around when modern, relatively developed nations were taking over less developed areas, colonizing them, or .
- Imperialism – the process where stronger nations extend their power over weaker nations to control them economically, socially, and politically.- Imperialism was not new. European countries had taken colonies in the Americas during the ’s and ’s, but had lost most of them during the Age .
Oct 29, · During the period of until about there was an age of Imperialism. Imperialism is the policy of extending a nation’s political and economic dominance or control over another territory or country.
In Kenya (British East Africa), European farming diminished during the world war as many Europeans there volunteered to rutadeltambor.com the war, agriculture was crippled by a lack of transport for exporting crops to Britain. At the end of the war, Kenya's economy was suffering.
THE AGE OF IMPERIALISM.
During each year of that time period an area larger than France was conquered by the different Western powers. By , Europe and its colonial possessions occupied over 60% of the inhabitable lands of the earth. The Debate Over Imperialism.