Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Lexical Relation Essay Sample A. Collocation The problems non-native speakers may have with English vocabulary use — in particular with the appropriate combinations of words. This is an aspect of language called collocation.
Semantics is traditionally defined as the study of meaning. Semantics is also defined as the systematic study of meaning. As a theory of meaning and a branch of modern linguistics, semantics is not only of interest to linguistics but to psychologists and philosophers. Psychologists are interested in how the human mind seeks meanings and works with the meanings.
Philosophers of language are concerned with the meanings of words and sentences Ludwig Wittgenstein Linguists are concerned with the structure of language in relation to the meanings of words and sentences through which communication and intended messages are expressed Kreidler Charles Semanticists are interested in meaning because of the ambiguous nature of words and sentences used in human language.
The interest in meaning is also influenced by the need to show the connection between a word and what the word refers to. Semantics is not only theoretical but also descriptive. It describes the structures of propositions or sentences in order to bring out their contextual or universal meanings.
Semanticists are not only theoretical analysts of propositions or sentences; they are also interested in how meanings are formulated in specific societies. If semantics is the study of meaning, the question is, who determines the meaning of words or sentences?
The first book of Moses, Genesis, gives a divine account of naming. Adam was commissioned by God to name each thing He God has created. According to the account, Adam carried out the assignment to the satisfaction of Almighty God. However, the account does not show the connection between the word chosen by Adam for a particular named thing, on the one hand, and the thing such word designates, on the other hand.
Though language is natural, the naturalness of language does not explain the nature of meaning. There is no general agreement about the nature of meaning among linguists and semanticists Palmer F. There are different aspects of semantics.
The paper discusses the inter-lexical sense relations in semantics. The inter-lexical sense relations in semantics are discussed under the three headings — Synonymy, Antonymy and Hyponymy. What are inter-lexical sense relations?
The notion of inter-lexical sense relation suggests that the meaning of a word may depend on its associations with other words. Therefore, a word or lexeme has no meaning on its own except in associations with other words or lexemes in a sentence.
The expressions, John wrote and The Cock crowed are collocationally acceptable. It would be semantically odd to say: John crowed or The Cock wrote. On the other hand, the meaning of a word may be independent of its association with other words.
If the referential theory of meaning is true, then the meaning of a word needs not depend on its association with other words.
The referential theory of meaning defines the meaning of a word in terms of the referent of the word. However, the inter-lexical sense relations can be explained better in Synonymy, Antonymy and Hyponymy. Antonymy The term antonymy is used to describe oppositeness of meaning Palmer, (4) HYPONYMY Hyponymy is the state or phenomenon that shows the relationship between more general term (lexical representation) and the more specific instances of it.
The concrete forms of sets of word (the specific instances) are called “hyponyms”.
Hyponymy and meronymy - Silvia Nulle - Term Paper - English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics - Publish your bachelor's or master's thesis, dissertation, term paper or essay IV.1 Differences between taxonomies and meronomies IV.2 The borderline between the two types.
containing a summary of the distinctions and similarities Pages: Antonyms vs Synonyms English language is full of sets of different words that have same or similar meaning, and it also has scores of sets of different words that have opposite or almost opposite meanings.
For those who are natives of English speaking countries, there is no problem in appreciating the difference between a [ ]. Hyponymy Meronymy.
of’ relation among lexical items, for example rose is a hyponym of flower in that roses are types of flowers. In other words, if X is a hyponym of Y, then the extension of X is a subset of the extension of Y.
Thus, we can say that hyponymy is a relation of inclusion.” (Murphy ).
repetition, synonymy, collocation and hyponymy also correlated strongly (r, p. between words: synonymy to words having the same meaning, and antonymy to words having the opposite meaning.
Fewer people, however, are familiar with a term that refers to an even more important sense relationship between words: hyponymy, the relationship between a specific word and a general word when the former is included within the latter.