Uncategorized 4 min read Dee Balkissoon Authour:
International Society for the Study of Self-injury.
Definitional issues surrounding our understanding of self-injury. Nonsuicidal self-harm among community adolescents: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 34, Whitlock, J, Muehlenkamp, J. General Trends and Sex Differences. Journal of American College Health, 59 8: In fact, there is no evidence for differences in self-injury by socioeconomic status and very little research supports differences by race or ethnicity.
In truth, however, this gender divide is not always supported. Studies either tend to find that females and males self-injure at the same rates or that females are a little more likely to injure than males, but not a lot.
What does seem to vary by gender is age of onset, length of time self-injuring and methods of injuring. In general, studies find that females are more likely to start younger and to injure longer, using forms, like cutting, that can be more serious than some of the forms males use, like punching.
Males are more likely than females to report a social component e. Studies of NSSI Evolve case studies burns transgender or agendered individuals are rare since it can be so difficult to gather enough data to make inferences in these populations.
Of all of the demographic characteristics studied, the only thing that consistently shows up as a potent predictor of self-injury is sexual orientation.
Studies consistently find that reporting oneself as bisexual or being sexually attracted to males and females equally is a really strong risk factor for self-injury, especially among females.
Being lesbian or gay does not seem to carry much elevated risk above and beyond being straight. Why we see such a strong association for bisexual females and self-injury is unclear, but has begun to be investigated by researchers in the self-injury field with hopes that we might understand and intervene in supportive ways.
An examination of non-suicidal self-injury in men: Do men differ from women in basic NSSI characteristics? Archives of Suicide Research: Non-suicidal and suicidal self-injurious behavior among Flemish adolescents: Archives of Suicide Research, 15 1Andrews, T.
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Journal of Adolescent Health, 53, 1, This made initial studies of self-injury prevalence difficult. However, over the past half decade or so, an increasingly large and diverse set of studies have given us a reasonably good picture of self-injury prevalence.
In a recent meta analysis a study of other studies of all prevalence studies conducted to date worldwide, the pooled estimate for adolescents was Rates vary, however, depending on time, place and location.
Prevalence of nonsuicidal self-injury in nonclinical samples: Systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 2, Self-injury scholarship consistently shows an average age of onset between years with a normally distributed age of onset ranging from about 10— Overall, about a quarter of all adolescents and young adults with self-injury history report practicing it only once in their lives, but since even a single self-injury episode is significantly correlated with a history of abuse and conditions such as suicidality and psychiatric distress there may be a group of adolescents in which a single incident of self-injury serves as a risk indicator for other risk behaviors or mental health challenges.
Duration of self-injury is understudied but available evidence suggests that among individuals with a history of repeat self-injury but who are otherwise doing alright in life, the majority stop within 5 years of starting.
For many self-injury is cyclical rather than linear meaning that it is used for periods of time, stopped, and then resumed.
Non-suicidal self-injury NSSI across the lifespan. Reasons given for self-injuring are diverse.
Many individuals who practice it report overwhelming sadness, anxiety, or emotional numbness as common emotional triggers. Self-injury, they report, provides a way to manage intolerable feelings or a way to experience some sense of feeling.
It is also used as means of coping with anxiety or other negative feelings and to relieve stress or pressure. Those who self-injure also report doing so to feel in control of their bodies and minds, to express feelings, to distract themselves from other problems, to communicate needs, to create visible and noticeable wounds, to purify themselves, to reenact a trauma in an attempt to resolve it or to protect others from their emotional pain.
Some report doing it simply because it feels good or provides an energy rush although few report doing only for these reasons.What is self-injury?
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is the deliberate, self-inflicted destruction of body tissue resulting in immediate damage, without suicidal intent and for purposes not culturally rutadeltambor.com-injury can include a variety of behaviors but is most commonly associated with: intentional carving or cutting of the skin.
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