Ancient Greek and Ancient Egyptian Art Compared Egyptian art comes from the paintings the Egyptians created in the tombs of rich people when they died. These pictures were supposed to help the dead person out when he or she reached the next world, where the Egyptians thought you lived after you died in this world. At first, carvers had a hard time… Athens vs.
Visit Website The Rise of Athens The defeat of the Persians marked the beginning of Athenian political, economic, and cultural dominance. Other legislators were chosen randomly by lot, not by election.
Visit Website However, demokratia did not mean that Athens approached her relationships with other Greek city-states with anything approaching egalitarianism. To protect far-flung Greek territories from Persian interference, Athens organized a confederacy of allies that it called the Delian League in B.
Athens Under Pericles In the s, the Athenian general Pericles consolidated his own power by using all that tribute money to serve the citizens of Athens, rich and poor. Generals were among the only public officials in Athens who were elected, not appointed, and who could keep their jobs for more than one year.
For example, Pericles paid modest wages to jurors and members of the ekklesia so that, in theory, everyone who was eligible could afford to participate in the public life of the demokratia.
Art and Architecture Pericles also used the tribute money to support Athenian artists and thinkers. For instance, he paid to rebuild the parts of Athens that the Persian Wars had destroyed.
The result was the magnificent Parthenona new temple in honor of the goddess Athena at the Acropolis. Pericles also oversaw the construction of the temple at Hephaestos, the Odeion concert hall, and the temple of Poseidon at Attica.
Likewise, Pericles paid for the annual production of comedic and dramatic plays at the Acropolis. Wealthy people offset some of these costs by paying voluntary taxes called liturgies. Dramatists like Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides and the comic playwright Aristophanes all won a great deal of renown for their depictions of relationships between men and gods, citizens and polis, and fate and justice.
These plays, like the Parthenon, still epitomize the cultural achievements of classical Greece. Along with the histories of Herodotus and Thucydides and the ideas of the physician Hippokrates, they are defined by logic, pattern and order, and they have in common a faith in humanism above all else.
These are the attributes that today aer associated with the art, the culture and even the politics of the era.
The Peloponnesian War Unfortunately, none of these cultural achievements translated into political stability. Athenian imperialism had alienated its partners in the Delian League, particularly Sparta, and this conflict played out in the decades-long Peloponnesian War — B.
|Persian Wars - Athens Info Guide||The battle of Akragas c.|
|Persian Wars||In BC Datis and Artaphernes son of the satrap Artaphernes were given command of an amphibious invasion force, and set sail from Cilicia.|
|Total Herodotus also records that this was the number at the Battle of Salamis, despite the losses earlier in storms off Sepia and Euboea, and at the battle of Artemisium.|
|After having reconquered Ionia, the Persians began to plan their next moves of extinguishing the threat to their empire from Greece; and punishing Athens and Eretria. The resultant first Persian invasion of Greece consisted of two main campaigns.|
The eventual Spartan victory in the Peloponnesian War meant that Athens lost its political primacy, but Athenian cultural life—the essence of classical Greece—continued apace in the fourth century B.
By the second half of the century, however, disorder reigned within the former Athenian empire.PERSIAN WAR AFTERMATH: Over the following thirty years, Athens continued to fight battles with Persia for control of the dozens of Greek colonies in the Aegean Sea.
It was not until BC that a treaty finally ended hostilities between Athens and Persia, and by that time Athens was the dominant power in the Aegean Sea. His leadership, tactics and strategies during the inter-war period and the numerous battles during BC, was essential to Greek victory.
His efforts to outwit and outthink the Persians are commendable and without a doubt, Themistocles had a significant role in the defeat of the Persian army. Assess the reasons for the Greek victory over the Persians in to / BC.
Make a judgement based on outcome, results and values. Words | 11 Pages. Assess the reasons for the Greek victory over the Persians in to / BC. Make a judgement based on outcome, results and values.
A Greek fleet was sent to Cyprus in BC, but achieved little, and, when it withdrew, the Greco-Persian Wars drew to a quiet end. Some historical sources suggest the end of hostilities was marked by a peace treaty between Athens and Persia, the Peace of Callias.
Aug 21, · In B.C., the Persian king sent a naval expedition across the Aegean to attack Athenian troops at Marathon. Despite a resounding Athenian victory there, the Persians did not give up.
Assess the reasons for the Greek victory over the Persians in to / BC. Make a judgement based on outcome, results and values. The reasons for the Greek victory against the Persians in to / BC was a mixture of exceptional leadership, skilful tactics and strategy, superior weapons.