A Radical Buddhism for Modern Confucians: First, as a Chinese form of Buddhism, it embodies an attempt to reconcile or even merge the cultures and mindsets of two utterly First, as a Chinese form of Buddhism, it embodies an attempt to reconcile or even merge the cultures and mindsets of two utterly different civilizations, the Indian and the Chinese. Secondly, it casts doubt on the presupposition that a sect, as against a church, demands of its members exclusive allegiance.
Peter Berger, professor emeritus of religion, sociology and theology at Boston University, examined the globalization of religious pluralism and how the peaceful coexistence of different racial, ethnic and religious groups has become a global phenomenon.
He argues that pluralism — not secularization — and the resulting emergence of religious choice is the best model for understanding religion in a globalizing world.
A question-and-answer session followed his presentation. Professor Berger has written dozens of books. Elements of a Sociological Theory of Religion is one of the best books on the sociological theory of religion. He has written about theology. One of those is called A Far Glory: He has also written on economics, international relief and development.
He wrote a book called A Rumor of Angels: Modern Society and the Rediscovery of the Supernatural. His book on capitalism, called The Capitalist Revolutionis a tour de force.
Thank you, Peter, for coming. Coming down here from Boston I realized I could be in Istanbul if it were a direct flight. But before that, I was in Los Angeles about five weeks ago, and three weeks ago I was in Europe, and both had to do with religious globalization.
In Los Angeles, the Templeton Foundation ran a very successful conference on global pentecostalism, which was fascinating, and it was to commemorate the th anniversary of the Azusa Street Mission, which was the origin of modern pentecostalism.
There were very good papers, and we saw a little movie about the Azusa Street Mission, which was a pathetic little affair where this charismatic black preacher came out of Texas and started preaching. Estimates of the number of followers vary, I guess Pew has the latest. But in terms of worldwide pentecostalism, the estimates range within million and million adherents, which must be the fastest growth of any religious movement in history.
My first stop in Europe was Amsterdam. A friend of mine — a Dutch sociologist — is chairman of the advisory committee to the new Islamic University in Rotterdam, which is a very interesting institution. Just a little factoid: I think there is no major world religion that is not globalizing in an impressive way.
The Roman Catholic Church actually could be called the oldest global institution, and certainly is continuing this today, although it is very much changing its character.
The geographical and demographic center of Christianity is moving from north to south, and within a very few years European and North American Catholics, and Christians of any sort, will be in the minority in the world. So for example, the Mormons, who most people would not consider exactly Protestant, still are very similar to this broad family of religious groups in terms of social characteristics.
Mormonism today is probably the fastest growing denomination worldwide — pentecostalism is not just one denomination. Buddhism is spreading in the oddest places; the estimate now is that aboutAmericans are converts to Buddhism from other religions. Hinduism is spreading through a number of organizations like the Hare Krishna movement, the Sai Baba movement in a very interesting way.
I suppose that of the major world religions, the only one that does not globalize is Shinto: Even Confucianism, if you want to call it a religion, is globalizing and for a short and rather inglorious period, it became the state ideology of Singapore.
Let me present my major thesis this morning, which is what I want to talk about.
My thesis is that what is happening with the globalization of religion is a globalization of pluralism. Pluralism, which was a much more geographically, much more limited phenomenon or years ago, has become a global phenomenon, and that has enormous implications, and I want to just draw out these implications this morning.For example in the United States religion is used as a weapon by social conservatives.
They use religion to push their social agenda such as the issue of abortion, same sex marriage, and stem cell research. Religion has also been the source of conflicts between different types .
The Chinese Journal of Sociology is a peer reviewed, international journal with the following standards. 1. The purpose of the Journal is to publish (in the English language) articles, reviews and scholarly comment which have been judged worthy of publication by appropriate specialists and accepted by the University on studies relating to sociology.
Research within librarian-selected research topics on Religion and Society from the Questia online library, including full-text online books, academic journals, magazines, newspapers and more.
Term Paper Warehouse has free essays, term papers, and book reports for students on almost every research topic. Research Papers on the Sociology of Religion A research paper on Sociology of Religion seek to focus on the sociology of one's religious beliefs, or lack thereof, and how it impacts society Understanding religion is much more than knowledge of the beliefs and practices of an individual’s faith.
In Sociology Optional subject paper in UPSC civil services mains exam, Questions no. 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remitting, any THREE are.