While the trait theory of leadership has certainly regained popularity, its reemergence has not been accompanied by a corresponding increase in sophisticated conceptual frameworks. Focus on a small set of individual attributes such as "The Big Five" personality traits, to the neglect of cognitive abilities, motives, values, social skills, expertise, and problem-solving skills.
Similarities and differences between the University of Michigan and Ohio State University leadership models Introduction Ohio State University and the University of Michigan performed a research on leadership at about the same period; between s to s.
Even though during that period, influence on leadership studies more to autocratic and democratic but the conducted researches by these two universities more to determine the behaviour of effective leaders which later those identified behaviour were named as leadership style.
The objective of this paper is to discuss on similarities and differences of the leadership styles by University of Michigan and Ohio State University.
The content of this paper will as follows: Finally, a discussion on similarities and differences of the leadership styles between the two universities. Their main objectives are: To classify the leaders as effective and ineffective by comparing the behaviour of leaders To determine reasons for effective leadership.
The University of Michigan leadership model stated that a leader is either more job-centered or more employee-centered as illustrated in below Figure 1. University of Michigan Leadership Model: The job-centered style has scales measuring two job-oriented behaviours of goal emphasis and work facilitation.
Job-centered behavior refers to the extent to which the leader takes charge to get the job done. The leader closely directs subordinates with clear roles and goals, while the manager tells them what to do and how to do it as they work toward goal achievement.
The employee-centered style has scales measuring two employee-oriented behaviours of supportive leadership and interaction facilitation. Employee-centered behaviour refers to the extent to which the leader focuses on meeting the human needs of employees while developing relationships.
The leader is sensitive to subordinates and communicates to develop trust, support, and respect while looking out for their welfare. Initiating Structure and Consideration Behavior Likes University of Michigan, The Personnel Research Board of Ohio State University, under the principal direction of Ralph Stogdill, also conducted a study on the same purpose which is to determine effective leadership styles.
Initiating structure behaviour where the leadership style is essentially the same as the job-centered leadership style of the University of Michigan; which focuses on getting the job done.
Leaders with high structure and low consideration behaviour use one-way communications, and decisions are made by the managers, whereas leaders with high consideration and low structure use two-way communications and tend to share decision making.
Model of Ohio State University illustrates the four leadership styles on their two dimensions.Leadership can be defined as a process by which one individual influences others toward the attainment of group or organizational goals.
Three points about the definition of leadership should be emphasized. First, leadership is a social influence process. Leadership cannot exist without a leader and. 1 | P a g e Task Oriented Leadership Task-oriented (or task-focused) leadership is a behavioral approach in which the leader focuses on the tasks that need to be performed in order to meet certain goals.
The task-relationship model is defined by Forsyth as "a descriptive model of leadership which maintains that most leadership behaviors can be classified as performance maintenance or relationship maintenances." Task-oriented (or task-focused) leadership is a behavioral approach in which the leader focuses on the tasks that need to be performed in order to meet certain goals, or to achieve a.
The Relationship Between Leadership and Personality w w w. l e a d - i n s p i r e. c o m A u g u s t 2 0 0 5 Andrew J. Marsiglia, PhD, CCP. 1 | P a g e Task Oriented Leadership Task-oriented (or task-focused) leadership is a behavioral approach in which the leader focuses on the tasks that need to .
The Relationship Between Leadership and Personality w w w.
l e a d - i n s p i r e. c o m A u g u s t 2 0 0 5 Andrew J. Marsiglia, PhD, CCP.