Mahatma Gandhi, the immensely popular and "saintly" frail pacifist, and his highly respected, Fabian Socialist acolyte, Jawaharlal Nehru. Less familiar to Westerners is Subhas Chandra Bose, a man of comparable stature who admired Gandhi but despaired at his aims and methods, and who became a bitter rival of Nehru.
Gandhiji was great admirer of all religions — Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam and others.
He realized them in practice the theoretical implications of each religion from its beginning. Gandhiji strongly felt that people have knowledge of their religions but not the deed, which answers to their knowledge. The greatest contribution of Gandhiji is to make us understand the very essence of those religions and incarnate the great ideals of Truth and Love, which are very foundations of every religion to evolve.
Whenever Gandhiji intended to teach people, he takes up some line of conduct, examines and re-examines it thoroughly, with all fasting and praying, ransacked his brains until at last he was able to say: He attained that stage through constant efforts and commitment.
He, therefore, expected the highest standards of conduct from everyone who come into contact with him.
Distinctions of race, nationality and sect have no room in Gandhian ethics. Patriotism is not enough. A truly religious man does not restrict his commitment to any country or nation. His loyalty is to the whole of humanity.
He acknowledges all great religions as embodying the truth and, therefore, worthy of deep reverence. He was a revolutionary who was committed to overthrow of all forms of tyranny and social injustice, but who never bore ill will towards anyone, who led a mighty movement against British imperialism, but never allowed the movement to be accompanied by hatred, rancour or resentment against Englishmen.
He was not an intellectual in the conventional sense of the term. He was not an academic philosopher propounding his philosophy in a precise manner.
The Mahatma rejected the caste system based on birth as immoral. He wanted the organisation of the economy based on hereditary occupations on the ground that they helped to transmit knowledge and skill to the succeeding generations. His greatest contribution to modern thought lies in his insistence that man is fundamentally a spiritual and moral being and that society is an association of human spirits an association that is not limited in any way by considerations of nationality, race, creed or sex.
This is a simple doctrine, yet how profoundly revolutionary.
He wants men and women who are noble, public-spirited, disciplined, who are always bound by the laws of Dharma, who are fully conscious of their social obligations, and who think not in terms of self-interest and self-aggrandizement, but of service to the community and its corporate life.
He also wants a society in which every man would be able to live in freedom and achieve creative self-expression. Radhakrishanan advocated on The Gandhian Outlook.Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, popularly known as ‘the Iron Man of India’, was a great freedom activist and leader of the Indian National Congress.
Let’s have a look at his childhood, family life & achievements.
If philosophy is wisdom, Mahatma Gandhi was among our foremost philosophers. He had the wisdom of Socrates, the humility of St Francis of Assisi, the mass appeal of Lenin, the saintliness of the ancient Indian rishis and the profound love of humanity of the Buddha.
Sep 12, · Insights New Secure Initiative – List of Topics.
As promised, in this post we are posting list of topics that we will cover under Secure Initiative till June 3, After Prelims – , we will cover all Mains related topics.
Indian literature includes everything which is included in the word ‘literature’ in its broadest, sense: religious and mundane, epic and lyric, dramatic and didactic poetry, narrative and scientific prose, as well as oral poetry and song.
Sep 27, · The Gandhian Outlook – Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Mahatma Gandhiji, as Sarvepalli Radhakrishanan said in his essay “ The Gandhian Outlook ”, was truly a religious man. Gandhiji was great admirer of all religions – Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam and others.
Equality is not only a cardinal principle of Gandhian thought but it is one of the most aspired concepts of most other writers on social and political thought.