Watch this video from PBS Newshour about urbanization today in less developed countries. What role, if any, do you think the government should take to improve conditions in the new industrial cities?
Steam-powered machines increased production but were large and cumbersome. Factories were built to house the new machinery. All the tools and machines used in the manufacturing process were housed in one building - the factory.
Factories were built all over Britain, close to natural resources and transport. In a process called urbanisation, workers moved to the cities for employment opportunities provided by the new factories. Factories were dangerous and hot. Working hours were long. Work was repetitive and exhausting.
The difficult working conditions were made worse by poor living conditions, with many workers living in slums. Some groups of workers, such as the Luddites, opposed the Industrial Revolution.
Gradually, the plight of the workers was improved by government legislation and individual industrialists. Different areas of Britain had different factories, depending upon the location of natural resources, raw materials and transportation.
Coalbrookdale became famous for iron works. The Pennines became the centre for wool and cotton production. Stoke was a pottery production area. It was called Cottonopolis, as the majority of factories were cotton mills.
See Image Two Cities grew around factories. Populations increased dramatically as workers moved from the country to the city in search of new employment and prosperity.
In the s, Manchester had a population of 25 By the midth century, more than half the population of Britain lived in cities.
Conditions for workers Working conditions in the majority of factories were horrendous because there were no guidelines for health and safety. See Image Three Workers spent twelve to fourteen hours a day, six to seven days a week, in the factories. Workers were carefully supervised by managers.
Twelve-hour working days were not unknown in Britain. Agricultural workers often worked twelve-hour days. The invention of artificial light, however, allowed factory owners to employ workers for greater lengths of time. The steam-powered machines were mainly responsible for the poor conditions for workers.
Factories were poorly ventilated and the machines were noisy and dirty. The steam made factory rooms hot. Workers were not protected from the machines by fences or safety areas and were exposed to the moving parts of the machines.
See Image Four Work in the factories was dull and repetitive as a result of the division of labour. The production process was divided into a series of basic tasks. Each worker would perform one task, the combination of all tasks resulting in the final product. A worker would become a specialist in only one part of the entire production process.The industrial revolution (from the midth century to the midth century) saw the development and popularization of mechanized means of production as a replacement for hand production.
The industrial revolution played a role in the abolition of slavery in Europe and in North America..
Since the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution brought several important changes to the field of education by making education accessible for children of all socioeconomic backgrounds and setting laws making education a requirement.
Prior to the s, the accessibility of education to children was spotty. Children born. During the first Industrial Revolution, Britain experienced massive changes—scientific discoveries, expanding gross national product, new technologies, and new buildings and structure rutadeltambor.com the same time, the population changed—it grew in number, became more urbanized, healthier, and better-educated.
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3 (Winter, ) Sports and Games of the American Revolution Bonnie S. Ledbetter* Fighting the American Revolution consumed a relatively small percentage of.
Employment, The impact of the Industrial Revolution, Industrial revolution, SOSE: History, Year 9, NSW Introduction The Industrial Revolution brought new trends in employment.
Steam-powered machines increased production but were large and cumbersome. Factories were built to house the new machinery. All the tools and machines used in . Before the industrial revolution, art was centered on religion, and fantastically staged art pieces that have been commissioned by the wealthy.
However, as the industrial revolution grew, artistic themes centered around everyday lives and the activities that were popular in everyday lives.