A huge subject broken down into manageable chunks Random Quote of the Day: It is closely related to Post-Modernismalthough the two concepts are not synonymous.
Words in bold within the text indicate terms cross-referenced to other articles in the book Abstract Expressionism A form of art in which the artist expresses himself purely through the use of form and colour. It is non-representational, or non-objective, art, which means that there are no concrete objects represented.
In terms of art history, the movement can be broadly divided into two groups: Abstract Expressionism is closely linked to several literary movements, particularly Imagism and Postmodernism. Many of their poems attempt to replicate in lyric form what the painters were doing on canvas.
Oscar Wilde was one of the most outspoken proponents of the movement, which influenced the poetry and painting of the pre-Raphaelites, and the early poetry of W.
The term is usually applied to the repetition of consonants, particularly when they are the first letter of the words, but can apply to any stressed consonants.
O wild West Wind Angry Young Men A term coined by literary journalists in the s to describe the writers at the forefront of a new trend of social realism and anti-establishment attitudes in fiction and drama. He may be a flawed character who fails where a conventional hero would succeed, or his attitudes might be intended to subvert the idea of a literary hero, or of what society might consider to be heroic.
A form of imperfect rhyme, where the vowels rhyme but not the consonants. They themselves were influenced by William Burroughsbest known as the author of The Naked Lunch Beat writers had little regard for the formal conventions of literature, and put all the emphasis on spontaneity and self-expression, their loosely-structured style reflecting the influence of the jazz music of the time.
They were forerunners of the Hippie counter-culture of the s.
Ginsberg visited England in the s, and his spontaneous style and emphasis on poetry as live performance influenced The Liverpool Poets.
These poets shared ties to Black Mountain College, in North Carolina, an experimental school of art that operated from until its closing inand to its literary review, The Black Mountain Review.
Opposed to the social constraints of their age, they had a modernising liberal outlook, and made significant achievements in their fields, though they were accused by some of elitism.
The attitude was a break from the view that poetry should be impersonal, advocated by T. Dadaism A European art movement, characterised by an anarchic protest against bourgeois society, founded in by the Rumanian-born French poet, Tristan Tzara Part of the motivation behind the movement was the wish to express a sense of outrage in response to the First World War, and the culture which had brought it about.
The main centre of Dadaism was Paris, but it also flourished in America, the main proponents of the two centres being Marcel Duchamp and Man Ray respectively. The movement was superseded by Surrealism from around It refers to the analysis of a text taking into account that its meaning is not fixed but can vary according to the way in which the writer, and reader, interpret language.
Instead of looking for meanings, deconstruction aims to analyse concepts and modes of thought to expose the preconceived ideas on which they are founded. The negative characteristics of a dystopia serve as a warning of possible social and political developments to be avoided.
Feminist writers and critics attempt to redress the balance by writing literature and criticism from the point of view of women. Freud showed the importance of the unconscious in all aspects of human life, and developed techniques of psychoanalysis and dream interpretation as ways of gaining access to it.
In art Freud was a direct influence on Surrealism, and in English literature was a direct influence on W. Lawrence, and Iris Murdoch. They wrote delicate lyrical poetry, often concerned with nature.
Their style was a break from the poetry of the late nineteenth century, and the decadence which had evolved from aestheticism. In the s they were overshadowed by the Modernist innovations of Ezra Pound and T.
The form became popular in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, classics of the genre being The Castle of Otranto by Horace WalpoleThe Mysteries of Udolpho by Ann RadcliffeThe Monk by Matthew Gregory Lewisand Frankenstein by Mary Shelley In the context of modern literature the term is still used to describe literature with macabre, horrifying subject matter, such as much of the work of Beryl Bainbridge.
In modern American literature the term Southern Gothic is applied to works by writers from the Southern States of the USA, whose stories are often set in that region, and include macabre or fantastic incidents in their plots. Group, The A name sometimes given to a group of British poets who, in the late s and s, wanted to take poetry in a new direction by liberating it from the restraints favoured by The Movement.
Harlem Renaissance A flourishing of African-American literature which took place in the s and was centred around the Harlem district of New York City. The movement took African-American life and culture as its subject matter, some of its major writers being James Weldon JohnsonZora Neale HurstonLangston Hughesand Countee Cullen Many used, and advocated the use of, psychoactive drugs, such as marijuana and LSD, to achieve altered states of awareness.
Their ideals were those of peace and love, and they congregated at rock festivals, culminating in the Woodstock festival of Their main art forms were psychedelic music, posters, and light shows.Despite this, many of structuralism's proponents, such as Lacan, continue to assert an influence on continental philosophy and many of the fundamental assumptions of some of structuralism's post-structuralist critics are a continuation of structuralism.
Database of FREE English Language essays - We have thousands of free essays across a wide range of subject areas. Sample English Language essays! Summary: MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities.
English language proficiency requirements. Students registering in post-secondary level courses (numbered to ) will be required to meet the English language entrance proficiency requirements. Students in ELS or the University Foundations programs can register in those courses identified in the University Foundations program with lower levels of language proficiency.
Theory: The How's and Why's of Literature Structuralism - Part I Although other literary theories we will be examining (like Marxism and Feminism) predate Structuralism, there are such close connections between it and Formalism that it makes sense to follow the one with the other.
Structuralism was a philosophical movement developed by French academics in the s, partly in response to French rutadeltambor.com has been seen variously as an expression of Modernism, High modernism, or postmodernism [by whom?
"Post-structuralists" were thinkers who moved away from the strict interpretations and applications of structuralist ideas.