China University of Political Science and Law Death of Hu Yaobang[ edit ] When Hu Yaobang suddenly died of a heart attack on April 15,students reacted strongly, most of them believing that his death was related to his forced resignation. Within days, most posters were writing about broader political issues, such as freedom of the press, democracy, and corruption.
During the Japanese occupation, some 20 million Chinese were killed. At the end of the civil war, inthe Communist Party had gained control of most of mainland China. A celebration to honor the occasion was held in Tiananmen Square on October 1, More than one million Chinese people attended.
This celebration came to be known as National Day, and it is still observed annually on that date, with the largest events set in the square. Since the s, the area around Tiananmen Square has experienced a significant expansion.
Pro-Democracy Demonstrations As notable as Tiananmen Square is within China, it became known worldwide as the site of the Tiananmen Square Massacre, which occurred on June 4 and 5, Although the massacre, as it is known in the West, was limited to just that two-day period, the event itself was weeks in the making.
In fact, pro-democracy protesters, Tiananmen square event students, had been occupying Tiananmen Square since early May At issue was their frustration with the limits on political freedom in the country—given its one-party form of government, with the Communist Party holding sway—and ongoing economic troubles.
In general, the protests in Tiananmen Square called for democracy, free speech and a free press, among other reforms. They held daily marches and vigils, and images of the events were transmitted by media organizations to audiences in the United States and Europe.
On May 13, a number of the student protesters initiated a hunger strike, which inspired other similar strikes and protests across China. As the movement grew, the Chinese government became increasingly uncomfortable with the protests, particularly as they disrupted a visit by Prime Minister Mikhail Gorbachev of the Soviet Union on May A welcome ceremony for Gorbachev originally scheduled for Tiananmen Square was instead held at the airport, although otherwise his visit passed without incident.
Even so, feeling the demonstrations needed to be curtailed, the Chinese government declared martial law on May 20 andtroops entered Beijing.
Tiananmen Square Massacre While the initial presence of the military failed to quell the protests, the Chinese decided to increase its aggression. Although thousands of protesters simply tried to escape, others fought back, stoning the attacking troops and setting fire to military vehicles.
Reporters and Western diplomats there that day estimated that hundreds to thousands of protesters were killed in the Tiananmen Square Massacre, and as many as 10, were arrested. Leaders worldwide, including Gorbachev, condemned the military action and, less than a month later, the United States Congress voted to impose economic sanctions against China, citing human rights violations.
Tiananmen Square Tank Man The image of an unidentified man standing alone in defiance and blocking a column of Chinese tanks on June 5 remains a lasting one for much of the world of the events.
Tiananmen Square Today The events of June 4 and 5,still resonate today. Inthe U. National Security Archive released Tiananmen Square, The document includes U.
State Department files related to the protests and subsequent military crackdown.From the night of June 3, until early morning, Chinese soldiers carried out a clearance operation on and near Beijing's Tiananmen Square, a crackdown on what the Chinese Government wrote off.
Jun 04, · HONG KONG — Tens of thousands of pro-democracy activists turned out in Hong Kong Monday to commemorate the 29th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square .
Sep 15, · View CNN's Tiananmen Square Fast Facts for more information about the events in Beijing's Tiananmen Square on June , Sep 07, · World news about Tiananmen Square.
Breaking news and archival information about its people, politics and economy from The New York Times.
Oct 23, · World news about Tiananmen Square. Breaking news and archival information about its people, politics and economy from The New York Times. Tiananmen Square or Tian'anmen Square (天安門, Pinyin: Tiān'ānmén; Wade–Giles: Tʻien 1-an 1-mên 2) is a city square in the centre of Beijing, China, named after the Tiananmen ("Gate of Heavenly Peace") located to its north, separating it from the Forbidden City.